- Cow's milk
- Tree nuts (eg, walnuts, pecans)
- Sesame seed
- Skin rash, especially hives
- Swelling in lips, mouth, tongue, throat
- Stomach cramps, pain
- Skin itching
- Shortness of breath
- Nasal congestion
- Severe drop in blood pressure
- Gurgling stomach
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- Epinephrine —injected immediately in the event of a severe, life-threatening reaction (anaphylaxis)
- Antihistamine medicine—to decrease swelling and itching
- Corticosteroid medicine—for more severe swelling and itching
- Avoid eating or drinking substances to which you know you are allergic.
- Read the ingredient label on every food product that you eat.
- If you go to a restaurant, discuss your allergy with the food server. Ask about all ingredients.
- Learn the other names for all your allergens. This will help you recognize them on an ingredients list.
- If you have a severe, anaphylactic-type food allergy, ask your doctor if you should carry a dose of epinephrine with you.
- Consider wearing a medical alert bracelet to inform others of your allergy.
- Be aware the food may become contaminated by shared utensils, containers, and during preparation.
American Academy of Allergy, Asthma, and Immunology http://www.aaaai.org/
Food Allergy and Anaphylaxis Network http://www.foodallergy.org/
Allergy Asthma Information Association http://aaia.ca/
Calgary Allergy Network http://www.calgaryallergy.ca/
Boyce JA, Assa'ad A, Burks AW, et al. Guidelines for the diagnosis and management of food allergy in the United States: summary of the NIAID-sponsored expert panel report. Nutr Res . 2011 Jan;31(1):61-75.
Dambro MR, Griffith JA. Griffith's 5-Minute Clinical Consult. Baltimore, MD: Lippincott, Williams, and Wilkins; 1999.
Food allergy: an overview. National Institute of Allergy and Infectious Diseases website. Available at: http://www3.niaid.nih.gov/topics/foodAllergy/PDF/foodallergy.pdf . Published July 2007. Accessed July 7, 2009.
Food Allergy and Anaphylaxis Network website. Available at: http://www.foodallergy.org . Accessed July 7, 2009.
Middleton E. Allergy: Principles and Practice. 5th ed. St. Louis, MO: Mosby-Year Book, Inc.; 1999.
- Reviewer: Marcin Chwistek, MD
- Review Date: 09/2013 -
- Update Date: 09/30/2013 -